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Confederate Flag

On April 12, 1861 the Confederate army under General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard attacked a United States military base at Fort Sumter, which was located in South Carolina and the Civil War began. A national debate over the continued use of the Confederate battle flag reignited June 20, 2015, after the U.S. and South Carolina state flags were both lowered to honor the victims of the Charleston church shooting, but the Confederate flag remained at full-staff on the grounds of South Carolina's state capitol.
The seven stars represent the original Confederate States; South Carolina (December 20, 1860), Mississippi(January 9, 1861), Florida (January 10,1861), Alabama (January 11, 1861), Georgia (January 19, 1861), Louisiana (January 26, 1861), and Texas (February 1, 1861).



Symbols of the Confederacy remain a contentious issue across the United States and their civic placement has been debated vigorously in many southern U.S. state legislatures since the early 1990s, such as the effort that led to the replacement of Georgia's flag in 2001.
The army quartermaster arranged to make prototypes of the pattern (the most famous of which were those made by sisters Jenny and Hetty Cary and their cousin Constance), and consigned the task of making 120 silk flags to 75 women in four Richmond churches.
William Porcher Miles, the chairman of the Confederate Congress's Committee on the Flag and Seal,” designed and submitted what was later known as the Battle Flag.” His design was rejected in favor of the Stars and Bars” design that more resembled the American flag.

Even with these distinctive red badges, the difficulty of identifying the opposing army especially at great distances created much anxiety and near catastrophe for the Confederates on July 21 at Manassas Junction, near Bull Run Creek, the first major battle of the Civil War.
Since the issue of racial slavery was deeply intertwined with the causes of the formation of the CSA and since strong opposition to the Civil Rights Movement and strong support for continued segregation was primarily centered in the southern areas that were the CSA, it is difficult to not see the 'Confederate flag' as having some connotations of slavery and racism.
It is a flag steeped in racism and racist hate, with ADL, the leading anti-hate organisation in America writing : While a number of non-extremists still use the flag as a symbol of Southern heritage or pride, there is growing recognition, especially outside the South, that the symbol is offensive to many Americans.

They were impoverished and struggling to survive, as in the portrayal of Scarlett 'Hara at the end of 1939's "Gone With the Wind." Now southern hatred was becoming even more intense, and whites were keen on taking vengeance, especially against blacks - and also nearly anyone white from the North.
Bagby characterized the flag motif as the "Southern Cross" - the constellation, not a religious symbol - and hailed it for pointing 'the destiny of the Southern master and his African slave' southward to 'the banks of the Amazon,' a reference to the desire among many Southerners to expand Confederate territory into Latin America.
To many white Southerners, the flag is an emblem of regional heritage and pride. Now the demand is to remove the Confederate battle flag from a Confederate memorial in South Carolina (and presumably elsewhere). Some of the most popular belt buckle styles include the patriotic flag belt buckle; the American eagle is another common symbol on belt

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